It is commonly thought that Discus fish are one of the hardest breeds of fish to keep and breed. Many hobbyists are afraid of keeping or breeding discuss fish because they have the reputation of being very finicky to care for. If the conditions are not exactly right for the discuss they can become agitated, sick, aggressive or even die. However, that is not really the case, armed with the proper information, you too can keep and breed discus fish for fun or profit.
This guide is designed to help you get to know the discus fish better, and tell you the things you need to know to properly care for and breed discus fish.
What are Discus Fish?
The first thing you need to know when it comes to discus fish is exactly what they are. A discus fish is a cichlid freshwater fish. This means that it likes fresh, warm water which isn’t surprising as a discus fish is a tropical fish.
There are two general kinds of discus fish; the common discus fish, known as Symphysodon aequifasciatus, and Heckel discus fish, known as Symphysodon discus.
Discus fish have some very unique and distinct features. They have rounded bodies, small fins, come in varying colors and are also very flat fish. The flat round shape is where the “discus” gets its name. “Discus” in Latin means “disk-like”. The sides of the discus fish can have varying patterns when it comes to their color. It is not uncommon for a discus fish to be patterned on its sides in varying shades of greens, reds, blues, and even browns.
The discus fish can be anywhere from twenty to twenty five centimeters in length and width. Generally speaking the discus fish are the same length and width, or there isn’t a big difference between the two.
Discus fish are one of the more social breeds of fish that you will encounter. In its natural habitat it is not uncommon for discus fish to live in large groups. It is very important to remember this aspect as you are considering caring for and breeding discus fish. If you only have one discus fish it could become lonely and not reach its full potential.